- Snippet from Wikipedia: Sangha
Sangha (IPA: [sɐnɡʱɐ]) is a Sanskrit word used in many Indian languages, including Pali which means "association", "assembly", "company" or "community"; In these languages, sangha is frequently used as a surname. In a political context, it was historically used to denote a governing assembly in a republic or a kingdom, and for a long time, it has been used by religious associations, including Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs. Given this history, some Buddhists have stated that the tradition of the sangha represents humanity's oldest surviving democratic institution.
In Buddhism, sangha refers to the monastic communities of bhikkhu (monks) and bhikkhuni (nuns). These communities are traditionally referred to as the bhikkhu-sangha or the bhikkhuni-sangha. As a separate category, those Buddhists who have attained any of the four stages of enlightenment, whether or not they are members of the monastic community, are referred to as the āryasaṅgha ("noble Sangha").
According to the Theravada school and Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism, the term sangha does not refer to the community of sāvakas (lay followers) nor does it refer to the community of Buddhists as a whole.
- Snippet from Wikipedia: Bhikkhu
A bhikkhu (Pali: भिक्खु, Sanskrit: भिक्षु, bhikṣu) is an ordained male in Buddhist monasticism. Male and female monastics ("nun", bhikkhunī, Sanskrit bhikṣuṇī) are members of the Sangha (Buddhist community).
The lives of all Buddhist monastics are governed by a set of rules called the prātimokṣa or pātimokkha. Their lifestyles are shaped to support their spiritual practice: to live a simple and meditative life and attain nirvana.
A person under the age of 20 cannot be ordained as a bhikkhu or bhikkhuni but can be ordained as a śrāmaṇera or śrāmaṇērī.
- Snippet from Wikipedia: Monk
A monk (, from Greek: μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by living a monastic lifestyle, either alone or with any number of other monks. A monk may be a person who decides to dedicate his life to serving other people and serving God, or to be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live his life in prayer and contemplation. The concept is ancient and can be seen in many religions and in philosophy.
The Greek word for a "monk" may be applied to women, but the English is mainly in use for men. The word nun is typically used for female monastics.
Although the term monachos is of Christian origin, in the English language monk tends to be used loosely also for both male and female ascetics from other religious or philosophical backgrounds. However, being generic, it is not interchangeable with terms that denote particular kinds of monk, such as cenobite, hermit, anchorite, hesychast, or solitary.
Traditions of Christian monasticism exist in major Christian denominations, with religious orders being present in Catholicism, Lutheranism, Oriental Orthodoxy, Eastern Orthodoxy, Reformed Christianity (Calvinism), Anglicanism and Methodism. Indian religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism, also have monastic traditions as well.
Buddhist Masters (Masters of the Buddha-Dharma-Sangha): Venerable Master Shen-Kai - Founder of Jen Chen Buddhism (Buddhahood Lineage World Humanity Vehicle Buddhism), Rāhula, Shantideva, Huineng, Da Xin De Ben Shr, Hakuin Ekaku, Hsu Yun, Ajahn Mun, Gosok Rinpoche, Longchen Rabjampa, Dagri Rinpoche, Kyabje Choden Rinpoche, Choden Rinpoche, Lama Zopa Rinpoche, Je Tsongkhapa, 14th Dalai Lama, Dalai Lama, 5th Dalai Lama, 13th Dalai Lama, Gelug, Lama Yeshe, Hsuan Hua, Godrakpa - The Hermit of Go Cliffs, Trijang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, Nagarjuna, Aśvaghoṣa, Pabongkhapa Déchen Nyingpo, Padmasambhāva, Yeshe Tsogyal, Śāntarakṣita, Kamalaśīla, Songtsen Gampo, Trisong Detsen, Ralpacan, Atiśa, Tilopa, Naropa, Niguma, Sukhasiddhi, Milarepa, Jigme Lingpa, Patrul Rinpoche, Dudjom Lingpa, [Jamgön Ju Mipham Gyatso, Marpa Lotsawa, Rangjung Dorje, 3rd Karmapa Lama, Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen, Taranatha, Sakya Pandita, Gorampa, Samding Dorje Phagmo, Bodhidharma, Garchen Rinpoche, Penor Rinpoche, Geshe Lama Konchog, Tenzin Phuntsok Rinpoche, Namkhai Norbu, Ajahn Sumedho, Ajahn Chah, Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche, Tashi Tsering (Jamyang Buddhist Centre), Thích Nhất Hạnh, Ajahn Amaro, Ajahn Pasanno, Heng Sure, S. N. Goenka, John Daido Loori, Red Pine (author). (navbar_buddhist_masters - See also navbar_sangha, navbar_buddhist_dharma_centers, navbar_buddhism)
Buddhism (Buddha-Dharma-Sangha): Buddhist Masters (See navbar_buddhist_masters), Buddha Dharma topics, Buddhist glossary, Being a Buddhist means Taking Refuge with Triple Jewel, Buddhas (The Buddha - Shakyamuni - Gautama Buddha - Maitreya - Amitabha - Medicine Buddha - Bhaisajya Guru - Amoghasiddhi - Ratnasambhava), Buddha Dharma - Buddhist Paths - Tripitaka (Sutra - Shastra - Sutrayana - Mahayana - Sravakayana - Pratyekabuddhayana - Pratyekabuddhas - Vinaya-Pratimoksha - Tantra - Buddhist Tantra - Vajrayana - Mantrayana - Mantras, Dharani), Sangha (Buddhist Monks - Buddhist Nuns - Buddhist Laypersons - Upasaka and Upasika), Buddhist Morality and Vows in Buddhism (Five Moral Precepts - Vinaya Buddhist Monk Vows - Buddhist Nun Vows - Pratimoksha - Bodhisattva Vows - Tantric Samaya Vows, Paramitas - Ten Perfections, Four Immeasurables, Four Noble Truths, Two Collections (Merit and Virtue and Wisdom), Blessings, Merit, Virtue; (Vajrayana Buddhism: Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolian Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism: Chinese Buddhism, Vietnamese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhism, Korean Buddhism, Theravada Buddhism: Thai Buddhism, Cambodian Buddhism, Sri Lankan Buddhism, What the Future Holds: European Buddhism, American Buddhism), Awesome Buddhism, Buddhism Mobile App. (navbar_buddhism - see also navbar_buddhist_masters, navbar_sangha, navbar_noble_truths, navbar_paramita, navbar_precepts, navbar_immeasurables, navbar_tantra)