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bodhi_tree [2015/12/14 04:10] (current)
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 +'''​Bodhi tree'''​ (Skt. ''​bodhi vṛkṣa'';​ [[Wyl.]] ''​byang chub kyi shing''​) — the tree in [[Bodhgaya]] under which the [[Buddha]] attained [[enlightenment]],​ which is a pipal, or sacred fig tree (''​Ficus religiosa''​). ​
 +
 +[[Category:​Key Terms]]
 +
 +----
 +
 +[[Image:​Bodhitree.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The Bodhi Tree at the [[Maha Bodhi Temple]] complex]]
 +
 +Bodhi, a Pali word meaning ‘awaken,​’ is the name given to the individual tree growing at [[Bodh Gaya]] which the Buddha was sitting under when he became enlightened. This [[Bodhi Tree]] was a variety of fig known to botanists as ''​Ficus religiosa''​ and which has large spreading branches and rounded leaves with a characteristic pointed tip. In the several accounts of the [[Buddha]]’s enlightenment in the [[Tipitaka]],​ the [[Bodhi Tree]] is only mentioned once (Udana 1, repeated at Vinaya 1. 1-7). Tradition says that after his enlightenment the Buddha sat for seven days gazing at the Bodhi Tree out of gratitude for the shelter it had given him (Jataka 1. 77); and modern [[Buddhist]]s still revere this species of tree for the same reason. The present Bodhi Tree at Bodh Gaya was planted in 1880 and is a distant ancestor of the original one. Bodhi trees are sometimes mistakenly called banyans which is another species of tree altogether. ​
 +
 +In the 3rd century BCE King [[Ashoka]] of [[India]] sent his daughter Theri [[Sanghamitta]] to [[Sri Lanka]] with a sapling from the right branch of the Sacred Bodhi Tree in [[Buddhagaya]]. This was planted in the Mahameghavana garden in Anuradhapura by King Devanampiyatissa of Sri Lanka. This Bodhi Tree is still being venerated as the most sacred spot on the earth by Sri Lankan Buddhists. It remains the oldest historical tree in the world with a written history updated generation after generation (The Bodhivamsa).
 +
 +==The Bodhi Trees of the 28 Buddhas==
 +
 +The [[Tipitaka|Pali Canon]] records some biographical information of the current Buddha, along with the previous Buddhas in known history. See: [[28 Buddhas]]. Each Buddha attained enlightenment sitting under a tree. All of the trees are considered '''​Bodhi Trees'''​ but they were not all the same species of tree.
 +
 +{| class="​wikitable"​
 +|-
 +!No.
 +!Name of Buddha
 +!Bodhi Tree
 +!Scientific name
 +|-
 +|1
 +|Tanhankara
 +|unknown
 +|unknown
 +|-
 +|2
 +|Medhankara
 +|unknown
 +|unknown
 +|-
 +|3
 +|Saranankara
 +|unknown
 +|unknown
 +|-
 +|4
 +|[[Dipankara]]
 +|Pipphali tree
 +|Ficus Obtrusfolis
 +|-
 +|5
 +|Kondanna
 +|Salakalyan tree
 +|Orxylum Indicum
 +|-
 +|6
 +|Mangala
 +|Naga tree
 +|Mesus Ferrea Lin
 +|-
 +|7
 +|Sumana
 +|Naga tree
 +|Mesus Ferrea Lin
 +|-
 +|8
 +|Revata
 +|Naga tree
 +|Mesus Ferrea Lin
 +|-
 +|9
 +|Sobhita
 +|Naga tree
 +|Mesus Ferrea Lin
 +|-
 +|10
 +|Anomadassi
 +|Ajjuna tree
 +|Termina Arjuna
 +|-
 +|11
 +|Paduma  ​      
 +|Maha-sona tree
 +|Oryxylum Indicarum
 +|-
 +|12
 +|Narada
 +|Maha-sona tree
 +|Oryxylum Indicarum
 +|-
 +|13
 +|[[Padumuttara]]
 +|Salala tree
 +|Pinus Longiflis
 +|-
 +|14
 +|Sumedha ​      
 +|Maha-nipa tree
 +|Nauclea Cadamba
 +|-
 +|15
 +|Sujata  ​      
 +|Maha-velu tree
 +|Bambusa Arundinacea
 +|-
 +|16
 +|Piyadassi
 +|Kakudha tree
 +|Crataeva Hygrophyla
 +|-
 +|17
 +|Atthadassi
 +|Campaka tree
 +|Michelia Champaka
 +|-
 +|18
 +|Dhammadassi
 +|Bimbijala tree
 +|Pavetta Indica
 +|-
 +|19
 +|Siddhattha
 +|Kanikara tree
 +|Pterospemum Acerifolium
 +|-
 +|20
 +|Tissa
 +|Asana tree
 +|Pentaptera Tomentosa
 +|-
 +|21
 +|Phussa
 +|Amalaka tree
 +|Phyllanthus Emblica
 +|-
 +|22
 +|Vipassi
 +|Patali tree
 +|Bigonia Suaveolens
 +|-
 +|23
 +|Sikhi
 +|Pundarika tree
 +|Mangifera indica
 +|-
 +|24
 +|Vessabhu  ​      
 +|Maha-sala tree
 +|Shorea Robusta
 +|-
 +|25
 +|[[Kakusandha]]
 +|Sirisa tree
 +|Acacia Sirissa
 +|-
 +|26
 +|Konagamana ​      
 +|Udaumbara tree
 +|Ficus Glomerata
 +|-
 +|27
 +|[[Kassapa Buddha|Kassapa]]
 +|Bayan tree
 +|Nigrodha
 +|-
 +|28
 +|[[Buddha|Gotama]]
 +|Pipphali tree           
 +|Ficus Religiosa
 +|}
 +
 +==References==
 +  ​
 +*http://​www.BuddhismA2Z.com/​
 +*''​The Mahavamsa'',​ Tr.Wilhelm Geiger, 1912
 +*''​The Buddhavamsa'',​ Pali Text Society
 +
 +[[Category:​Pilgrimage]]
 +[[Category:​Theravada history]]
  
bodhi_tree.txt · Last modified: 2015/12/14 04:10 (external edit)