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bhagavan [2014/11/23 00:26] (current)
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 +'''​Bhagavan'''​ (Skt. ''​bhagavant'';​ Tib. [[བཅོམ་ལྡན་འདས་]],​ ''​chomdendé'';​ [[Wyl.]] ''​bcom ldan ‘das''​) — an epithet of the [[Buddha]]. It is usually explained by Tibetan scholars according to its literal meaning in Tibetan as "the transcendent འདས་(''​dé''​) one who has vanquished བཅོམ་ (''​chom''​) the [[four maras]] and possesses ལྡན་ (''​den''​) the [[six fortunes]]."​ The Sanskrit word carries the sense of possessing fortune (''​bhaga''​). The term has been translated into English as '​blessed one', '​lord',​ or, following the Tibetan, '​transcendent and accomplished conqueror.'​
  
 +==Commentary==
 +The great [[Dzogchen]] master [[Shri Singha]], in his commentary on the ''​[[Heart Sutra]]'',​ explains the term based on its Tibetan translation according to three levels of meaning:
 +
 +#On an ordinary level, it signifies the conquering (''​chom''​) of the four maras, possession (''​den''​) of the [[six paramitas]] and transcendence (''​dé''​) of mistaken states of mind.<​br>​
 +#On a deeper level, it signifies the conquering of ordinary appearance and existence within the [[pure perception]] of the deity, possession of ultimate realization,​ and the transcendence of ordinary clinging.<​br>​
 +#On the highest level, it signifies the effortless conquering of all the phenomena of [[samsara]] and [[nirvana]] within their essential nature, possession of the great wisdom of self-knowing awareness, and the transcendence of dualistic notions or extremes regarding samsara or nirvana since they lack any real identity.
 +
 +[[Category:​Key Terms]]
 +[[Category:​Titles]]
bhagavan.txt · Last modified: 2014/11/23 00:26 (external edit)