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bardo [2014/09/18 08:44] (current)
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 +[[Image:​Peaceful guhyagarbha.JPG|frame|Peaceful Deities from the Mandala of [[Hundred Peaceful and Wrathful Deities]]]]
 +'''​Bardo'''​ (Tib. [[བར་དོ་]],​ [[Wyl.]] ''​bar do'';​ Skt. ''​antarābhava''​) — commonly used to denote the intermediate state between death and [[rebirth]],​ but in reality bardos are occurring continuously,​ throughout both life and death, and are junctures at which the possibility of [[liberation]],​ or [[enlightenment]],​ is heightened.
  
 +==Literal Meaning==
 +[[Sogyal Rinpoche]] writes:
 +
 +:Bardo is a Tibetan word that simply means a “transition” or a gap between the completion of one situation and the onset of another. Bar means “in between,” and do means “suspended” or “thrown.”
 +
 +==Divisions==
 +The different bardos can be categorized into four or six:
 +
 +===The [[four bardos|Four Bardos]]===
 +{{:four bardos}}
 +
 +===The [[six bardos|Six Bardos]]===
 +
 +The four above with the addition of:
 +:5. the bardo of [[meditation]] (Skt. ''​samādhyantarābhava'';​ Tib. བསམ་གཏན་གྱི་བར་དོ་,​ Wyl. ''​bsam gtan gyi bar do''​)
 +:6. the bardo of dreaming (Skt. ''​svapanāntarābhava'';​ Tib. རྨི་ལམ་གྱི་བར་དོ་,​ Wyl. ''​rmi lam gyi bar do''​)
 +
 +These two bardos are part of the natural bardo of this life.
 +
 +==Literature==
 +===[[Dzogchen]] [[Tantra]]s===
 +*''​Union of the Sun and Moon''​ (Tib. ཉི་ཟླ་ཁ་སྦྱོར་,​ Wyl. ''​nyi zla kha sbyor''​)
 +*''​Self-arising Primordial Awareness''​ (Tib. རིག་པ་རང་ཤར་,​ Wyl. ''​rig pa rang shar''​)
 +
 +===[[Terma]]s===
 +*[[Karma Lingpa]], ''​The Peaceful and Wrathful Deities, The Profound Dharma of Self-liberated Wisdom Mind''​ (Tib. ''​[[Zabchö Shitro Gongpa Rangdrol]]'';​ Wyl. ''​zab chos zhi khro dgongs pa rang grol''​),​ which contains the ''​[[Tibetan Book of the Dead|Great Liberation through Hearing in the Bardo]]''​ (Tib. ''​Bardo Tödrol Chenmo'';​ Wyl. ''​bar do thos grol chen mo''​) (see English translations in related article)
 +
 +===Instruction Manuals===
 +*[[Jikmé Lingpa]], ''​[[Yeshe Lama]]''​
 +
 +===Commentaries===
 +*[[Tsele Natsok Rangdrol]], བར་དོ་སྤྱིའི་དོན་ཐམས་ཅད་གསལ་བར་བྱེད་པ་དྲན་པའི་མེ་ལོང་,​ ''​bar do spyi'i don thams cad gsal bar byed pa dran pa'i me long''​ (see English translation below)
 +
 +==Alternative Translations of the Term '​Bardo'​==
 +*transitional process (Wallace)
 +
 +==Teachings Given to the [[About Rigpa|Rigpa]] Sangha==
 +*For [[Sogyal Rinpoche]]'​s teachings on the bardos, see each of the individual articles on the four bardos.
 +*For [[Garchen Rinpoche]]'​s teachings, see [[Six bardos]]
 +
 +==Further Reading==
 +*[[Chögyam Trungpa]], ''​Transcending Madness: The Experience of the Six Bardos'',​ The Collected Works of Chögyam Trungpa, Volume Six.
 +*[[Chökyi Nyima Rinpoche]], ''​The Bardo Guidebook'',​ Rangjung Yeshe Publications,​ 1991
 +*[[Dudjom Rinpoche]], 'An Introduction to the Bardo' in ''​Counsels from My Heart'',​ Shambhala 2001, pages 59-75
 +*[[Dzogchen Ponlop]], ''​Mind Beyond Death''​ (Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications,​ 2006)
 +*His Holiness [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], ''​Pure Appearance—Development and Completion Stages in the Vajrayana Practice''​ (Halifax: Vajravairochana Translation Committee, 2002), Ch. 2 & 3. (restricted publication)
 +*[[Padmasambhava]],​ ''​Natural Liberation—Padmasambhava’s Teachings on the Six Bardos'',​ commentary by [[Gyatrul Rinpoche]], translated by Allan Wallace (Boston: Wisdom Publications,​ 1998, 2008)
 +*[[Sogyal Rinpoche]], ''​[[The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying]]'',​ revised and updated edition, Harper San Francisco, 2002. 
 +*[[Tsele Natsok Rangdrol]], ''​Mirror of Mindfulness:​ The Cycle of the Four Bardos'',​ translated by [[Erik Pema Kunsang]] (Boston & Shaftesbury:​ Shambhala, 1989).
 +*[[Tulku Thondup]], ''​Enlightened Journey—Buddhist Practice as Daily Life'',​ edited by Harold Talbott (Boston: Shambhala Publications,​ 1995), Ch.6 '​Preparing for the Bardo'​.
 +*[[Tulku Thondup]], ''​Peaceful Death, Joyful Rebirth''​ (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2005) ISBN 1-59030-182-X
 +*[[Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche]], ''​Rainbow Painting: A Collection of Miscellaneous Aspects of Development and Completion''​ (North Atlantic Books, 2004), '​Bardo'​ chapter.
 +*See the ''​[[Tibetan Book of the Dead]]''​ article for English translations & further reading
 +
 +==Internal Links==
 +<!-- moved into the wiki:
 +*[http://​www.lotsawaschool.org/​bardos.html Glossary of terminology connected with dying and the bardos]
 +-->
 +* [[:​Category:​Bardos|Glossary of terminology connected with dying and the bardos]]
 +
 +==External Links==
 +*{{LH|tibetan-masters/​nyingma-masters/​longchen-rabjam/​complete-set-instructions|''​Crucial Advice: A Complete Set of Instructions for the Bardos''​}} by [[Longchen Rabjam]]
 +*{{LH|tibetan-masters/​nyingma-masters/​patrul-rinpoche/​bardos-introduction|''​A Brief Introduction to the Bardos''​}} by [[Patrul Rinpoche]]
 +
 +[[Category:​Key Terms]]
 +[[Category:​Bardos]]
bardo.txt · Last modified: 2014/09/18 08:44 (external edit)