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ayurveda_glossary [2016/01/22 23:09] (current)
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 +==#==
 +* [[3 dhatus]]
 +* [[3 doshas]]
 +* [[3 agnis]]
 +* [[5 elements]]
 +* [[7 dhatus]]
 +* [[20 gunas]] or [[20 attributes]]
 +
 +==A==
 +* [[agni]]: essential form of [[fire]] and [[heat]]; the basis of good [[digestion]].
 +
 +* [[ahamkara]]:​ the [[ego]].
 +
 +* [[ahara rasa]]: nutrient material, acted upon in the [[digestive tract]] by [[rasa dhatu]] [[agni]].
 +
 +* [[alochak]]a:​ form of [[pitta]] [[dosha]] found especially in the [[eye]]s.
 +
 +* [[ama]]: [[toxin]], resulting from [[weak digestion]].
 +
 +* [[amalaki]] [[fruit]] [[powder]] - [[Embilica officinalis]]
 +
 +* [[amashaya]] -  The [[stomach]];​ literally, the receptacle for [[undigested]] [[food]] or [[ama]]. ​
 +
 +* [[ambu vaha srotas]] - The bodily [[channel]]s carrying [[water]]. The [[root]]s or governors of this [[channel]] are the [[pancreas]],​ [[soft palate]], and [[choroid plexus]] in the [[brain]]. Its pathway is the [[mucus membrane]] of the [[gastrointestinal tract]], and the [[opening]]s are the [[kidney]]s,​ [[tongue]], and [[sweat gland]]s.
 +
 +* [[amla]] - [[sour]] [[taste]].
 +
 +* [[anna vaha srotas]] - the [[channel]]s transporting [[grain]]s or [[food]], the [[digestive]] [[system]], [[alimentary canal]].
 +
 +* [[apana]] - one of the [[five types of vata]], which goes [[downward]] and is [[responsible]] for [[excretion]]/​expulsion of [[feces]], [[flatus]], [[urine]], [[menstrual]] [[blood]] etc.
 +
 +* [[artava]]: [[dhatu]] related to [[reproduction]] and [[creativity]],​ acts with [[shukra]]
 +
 +* [[asthi]]: [[dhatu]] related to [[bone]].
 +
 +* [[avalambaka]]:​ form of [[kapha]] [[dosha]], found especially in the [[chest]].
 +
 +* [[avipattikar]] [[churna]] - an [[Ayurvedic]] [[medicine]] popularly used to [[treat]] [[hyperacidity]].
 +
 +* [[Ayurveda]] - the [[knowledge]] about [[body]], [[mind]], [[sense]]s and [[soul]].
 +
 +* [[Ayurvedic herbs]]
 +
 +* [[ayusa]] - combined [[form]] of [[soul]], [[mind]], [[body]] and [[sense]]s, [[lifespan]].
 +
 +==B==
 +
 +
 +==C==
 +
 +==D==
 +* [[dhatu]] is an [[element]],​ either 1) one of the [[seven dhatus]], the constituent [[tissue]]s which support [[life]], or 2) one of the [[three dhatus]], the [[balance]]d forms of [[vata]], [[pitta]] and [[kapha]], which are also the supporters of the [[organism]].
 +
 +* [[dosha]]: [[term]] used to describe the [[dhatus]] [[vata]], [[pitta]] and [[kapha]] when they are out of [[balance]];​ non [[physical]] forces which can [[lead]] to an [[accumulation]] of [[physical]] ​ [[waste]] products.
 +
 +* [[duhkha]]: [[suffering]],​ [[unhappiness]],​ [[ill health]]; literally, "bad [[space]]."​
 +
 +==E==
 +* [[Embilica officinalis]] - [[amalaki]] [[fruit]] [[powder]]
 +
 +==F==
 +
 +==G==
 +
 +==H==
 +
 +==I==
 +
 +==J==
 +
 +==K==
 +* [[kapha]] - One of the [[three doshas]], combining the [[water]] [[element]] and [[earth]] elements; the [[psycho]]-[[physiological]] [[energy]] that [[form]]s the [[body]]'​s structure and holds the [[cell]]s together.
 +
 +* [[Kapila]] - The [[name]] of the [[sage]] who founded the [[Sankhya]] school of [[philosophy]].
 +
 +* [[karma]] - [[action]]; the law stating that for every [[action]] there is an equal and [[opposite]] [[reaction]];​ specific [[action]] of a [[substance]] or [[herb]]; along with [[guna]] ([[attribute]]),​ [[karma]] makes up the inherent nature of a [[substance]],​ according to [[Vaisheshika]].
 +
 +* [[karma yoga]] - One of the main [[path]]s to [[liberation]];​ the [[path]] of taking [[positive]] [[action]] and [[surrender]]ing the [[fruits]] of all [[action]]s to the [[Divine]].
 +
 +* [[khavaigunya]] - Any [[weak]] or [[defective space]] in the [[body]] that [[exist]]s be[[cause]] of past [[trauma]], [[chronic]] [[disease]],​ or [[hereditary]] [[influence]] and becomes a place where [[aggravated dosha]]s can easily lodge and create [[disorder]].
 +
 +* [[khichadi]]:​ an [[Indian]] dish of [[rice]] and split [[mung bean]]s.
 +
 +* [[kloma]] - [[pancreas]];​ the [[root]] of the [[water]] carrying [[channel]]s;​ kloma also refers to the [[choroid plexus]] in the [[brain]].
 +
 +==L==
 +
 +==M==
 +* [[majja]]: [[dhatu]] related to the [[bone marrow]] and [[nerve]]s, [[brain]], [[nervous system]].
 +
 +* [[mala]]s: [[waste]]s that must be [[excrete]]d from the [[system]], but which serve the [[body]] between their creation and [[excretion]],​ i.e., [[feces]], [[urine]], and [[sweat]].
 +
 +* [[mamsa]]: [[dhatu]] related to [[muscle]] [[tissue]]
 +
 +* [[manas]]: the [[think]]ing [[mind]].
 +
 +* [[marga]]s: pathways in which the [[dosha]]s flow.
 +
 +* [[mutra]]: [[urine]].
 +
 +* [[mutra vaha srotas]]: [[channel]] ([[srotas]]) for [[excretion]] of [[urine]].
 +
 +==N==
 +
 +==O==
 +* [[ojas]]: the essential form of [[water]] within the [[body]]; the ultimate product of good [[digestion]]. It acts as a receptacle for the [[subtle fire]] within the [[body]].
 +
 +
 +==P==
 +* [[pitta]] - One of the [[three doshas]], made up of the [[fire]] and [[water]] [[element]]s;​ [[govern]]s [[digestion]],​ [[absorption]],​ [[assimilation]],​ [[nutrition]],​ [[metabolism]],​ and [[body temperature]].
 +
 +* [[prakruti]]:​ 1)  the first [[creation]],​ the great ocean from whence comes all [[life]], or 2) the individual inborn or [[genetic]] [[constitution]]. ​                                                              
 +
 +* [[prana]] - The vital [[life force]] without which [[life]] cannot [[exist]] and which is primarily taken in through the [[breath]]; the flow of [[cellular intelligence]] that governs [[cellular]] [[communication]],​ sensory [[perception]],​ [[motor]] responses, and all [[subtle]] [[electrical]] [[impulse]]s of the [[body]]; the [[subtle]] [[essence]] of [[vata]] [[dosha]]. [[Prana]] has a functionally integrated [[relationship]] with [[ojas]] and [[tejas]].
 +
 +* [[prana vaha srotas]] - The bodily [[channel]]s that take in and carry [[prana]], or [[life force]]. The [[root]]s or [[govern]]ors of this [[channel]] are the [[left]] [[chamber]] of the [[heart]] and the entire [[gastrointestinal tract]]. The [[channel]] continues along the [[respiratory tract]] and [[bronchial tree]], including the [[alveoli]],​ and [[open]]s at the [[nose]].
 +
 +* [[prana vayu]] - One of the [[five]] [[subtypes of vata]] [[dosha]], [[prana]] moves inward and [[downward]] and is associated with the [[nervous system]], where it [[govern]]s all sensory [[function]]s and maintains [[attention]],​ and with the [[lungs]], where it governs the [[inhalation]] aspect of [[respiration]].
 +
 +* [[pranayama]]:​ special [[breathing]] [[exercise]]s. See Chapter XII, [[Ayurveda]]:​ [[The Science of Self-Healing]]. Also spelled as [[prana yama]]
 +
 +* [[prickly]]
 +
 +* [[prinanam]] - [[nutrition]],​ the main [[function]] of [[rasa dhatu]].
 +
 +* [[prithivi]] - [[earth element]].
 +
 +* [[purisha agni]] - The [[fire]] component of the [[membranous]] structure surrounding the [[organ]]s of the [[excretory system]], it [[govern]]s the [[elimination]] of [[feces]]. It also helps to [[absorb]] [[liquid]]s and [[mineral]]s,​ forms the [[stool]]s, and maintains the [[temperature]] and [[color]] of the feces.
 +
 +* [[purisha vaha srotas]] - The bodily [[channel]] that carries [[feces]]; the [[root]] or [[govern]]or of this channel is the [[cecum]], [[rectum]], and [[sigmoid colon]]. The [[path]]way of the channel is the [[large intestine]],​ and the [[opening]] or [[mouth]] of this channel is the [[anal orifice]].
 +
 +==Q==
 +* [[qi]]
 +
 +==R==
 +* [[raga]] - [[desire]], affection; [[enthusiasm]];​ [[color]]ation;​ one of the [[function]]s of [[health]]y [[agni]].
 +
 +* [[rajah]] - [[menstruation]];​ one of the [[superior by-product]]s of [[rasa dhatu]].
 +
 +* [[rajas]] - One of the [[three universal gunas]] ([[triguna]]) or [[qualities]] of [[consciousness]];​ the principle of [[kinetic energy]]; [[active]], [[mobile]], and responsible for all [[movement]]s.
 +
 +* [[rakta]] - [[blood]].
 +
 +* [[rakta agni]] - The [[fire]] component present in the [[blood]], it is responsible for the [[digestion]] and [[assimilation]] of [[nutrient]]s that [[nourish]] [[blood tissue]].
 +
 +* [[rakta dhatu]] - [[blood]]; one of the [[seven bodily tissues]], [[rakta]] consists of [[red blood cell]]s, and in [[Ayurveda]] is a separate [[tissue]] from the [[plasma]] ([[rasa dhatu]]). Its main functions include maintenance of [[life]], [[oxygenation]],​ and transportation of [[nutrient]]s. [[Rakta]] is said by [[Sushruta]] to be the [[fourth dosha]] because ultimately all un[[treat]]ed [[disorder]]s will affect the [[blood]], and because un[[health]]y blood causes systemic problems in the same way that an [[aggravated dosha]] does.
 +
 +* [[rakta moksha]] - [[bloodletting]] or [[blood cleansing]],​ one of the [[five]] [[cleansing]] [[action]]s of [[pancha karma]]; a specific [[treatment]] for removing [[excess pitta]] and [[blood purification]].
 +
 +* [[ranjaka]] - [[color]]ing,​ dyeing, one of the [[five types of pitta]].
 +
 +* [[rasa]] - [[juice]], [[taste]], [[flavor]], [[essence]],​ [[liquid]], [[fluid]]. More commonly [[rasa]] refers to [[taste]]; the [[tanmatra]] relating to [[water]] [[element]];​ the [[subtle]] [[quality]] of the water element that [[exist]]s in [[object]]s,​ allowing them to be [[sense]]d by [[taste]]; the first experience of [[food]] in the [[mouth]]; there are [[six tastes]] in our [[diet]] - [[sweet]], [[sour]], [[salty]], [[pungent]],​ [[bitter]] and [[astringent]].
 +
 +* [[rasa vaha srotas]] - [[channel]]s carrying [[plasma]] or [[lymph]].
 +
 +* [[rasayana]]:​ [[rejuvenation]] [[therapy]].
 +
 +* [[roma kupa]] - [[sweat gland]]s; one of the openings of [[ambu vaha srotas]].
 +
 +* [[ruksha]] - [[dry]], arid, not [[greasy]], [[emaciated]],​ [[thin]].
 +
 +* [[rupa]] - [[sign]]s, [[symptom]]s,​ indicators or marks (of [[disease]]s).
 +
 +==S==
 +* [[Sama Veda]] - The third of the [[Four Vedas]].
 +
 +* [[Sankhya]] - A major school of [[Indian philosophy]] founded by the [[sage]] [[Kapila]]. It gives [[Ayurveda]] a [[system]]atic account of [[cosmic]] [[evolution]] according to 25 categories - [[purusha]],​ [[cosmic spirit]]; [[prakruti]],​ [[creative energy]]; [[mahad]] ([[mahat]]),​ [[cosmic intelligence]];​ [[ahamkara]],​ the individuating principle or "​I-maker";​ [[manas]], the individual [[mind]]; [[indriya]]ni,​ the 10 [[sense faculties]] and [[motor facilities]];​ [[tanmatra]]s,​ the [[five subtle elements]]; and [[pancha]] [[maha bhuta]]s, the [[five gross elements]].
 +
 +* [[seven dhatus]]
 +
 +* [[shamana]]:​ [[palliation]]
 +
 +==T==
 +* [[tejas]]: [[fire]] [[element]] as it relates to [[mental]] [[function]];​ [[subtle]] [[fire]] throughout the [[body]].
 +
 +* [[three dhatus]]: the [[balance]]d forms of [[vata]], [[pitta]] and [[kapha]], which are also the supporters of the [[organism]].
 +
 +* [[trikatu]]:​ herbal mixture of [[dry]] [[ginger]], [[black]] [[pepper]], and Indian [[long pepper]].
 +
 +* [[triphala]]:​ an herbal [[medication]] consisting of [[three]] [[Indian]] [[herbs]] ([[Haritaki]],​ [[Amalaki]],​ and [[Bibhitaki]]),​ often used to aid [[elimination]].
 +
 +==U==
 +==V==
 +* [[vikruti]] - Unnatural, [[imbalance]]d,​ or modified state; the current state of the [[individual]],​ as opposed to [[prakruti]],​ the original state of the [[constitution]];​ a state of the [[body]] and [[mind]] in which the [[individual]] is more prone to [[disease]].
 +
 +* [[vipaka]] - The final [[post-digestive effect]] of [[food]] that occurs in the [[colon]] and has an [[action]] on the [[excreta]] - [[urine]], [[feces]] and [[sweat]]. [[Vipaka]] is described as [[sweet]], [[sour]], or [[pungent]] ([[spicy]]).
 +
 +* [[virya]]: the [[heating]] and [[cooling]] properties of a [[food]].
 +
 +==U==
 +
 +
 +==V==
 +* [[vata]] - One of the [[three doshas]], [[vata]] is associated with [[ether]] and [[air]] [[element]]s. It [[govern]]s all [[movement]]s and [[activities]] in the [[body]].
 +
 +==W==
 +
 +
 +==X==
 +
 +==Y==
 +
 +==Z==
  
ayurveda_glossary.txt ยท Last modified: 2016/01/22 23:09 (external edit)