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akanishtha [2014/09/17 04:42] (current)
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 +'''​Akanishtha'''​ (Skt. ''​Akaniṣṭha'';​ Tib. [[འོག་མིན་]],​ ''​Omin'';​ [[Wyl.]] ''​ 'og min''​) —The word "​Akanishtha"​ means 'not below',​ or 'above all'. It refers to the pure abodes whose characteristic is, according to the [[Longchenpa|Omniscient Longchenpa]],​ that there is nothing above them, and there are no features from elsewhere that surpass them.<​ref>​ See ''​The Guhyagarbha Tantra, Secret Essence Definitive Nature Just As it is, with Commentary by Longchen Rabjam'',​ Light of Berotsana, Snow Lion, 2011, page 156. </​ref>​ So, the name '​Akanishtha'​ is used throughout the teachings to refer to different abodes, which all share the common characteristic of being the highest, in relation to specific criteria. The great Indian master [[Buddhaguhya]] distinguishes [[Six Akanishthas|six different ways of using the name Akanishtha]]. Longchenpa speaks of three types of Akanishtha in relation to the [[three kayas]].
  
 +# The highest heaven of the [[form realm]]. According to [[Mahayana]],​ [[buddha]]s first reach full [[enlightenment]] in Akanishtha, and then manifest enlightenment through a [[nirmanakaya]] body in the human realm.
 +# Akanishtha (Tib. འོག་མིན་སྟུག་པོ་བཀོད་པའི་ཞིང་ཁམས་,​ [[Wyl.]] ''​ 'og min stug po bkod pa'i zhing khams''​) or Omin Chenpo (Tib. འོག་མིན་ཆེན་པོ་,​ Wyl. ''​ 'og min chen po''​),​ in [[Vajrayana]],​ also refers to the pure [[sambhogakaya]] field from which emanate all pure [[nirmanakaya]] fields. In the three kaya [[mandala offering]] of the [[Longchen Nyingtik Ngöndro]], Akanishtha is also referred to as 'the highest heaven of great bliss, the realm of Ghanavyūha'​ (Tib. [[སྟུག་པོ་བཀོད་པ་]],​ Wyl. ''​stug po bkod pa''​).
 +# Akanishtha is also the name of [[Vairochana]]'​s [[buddha field]].
 +
 +==Notes==
 +<​small><​references/></​small>​
 +
 +==Further Reading==
 +*''​The Guhyagarbha Tantra, Secret Essence Definitive Nature Just As it is, with Commentary by Longchen Rabjam'',​ Translated by Lama Chönam and Sangye Khandro, Light of Berotsana, Snow Lion, 2011, pages 155-163.
 +*[[Thinley Norbu]], ''​The Small Golden Key''​ (Shambhala Publications,​ 1999), pages 70-72.
 +
 +==Internal Links==
 +*[[Lotus Net of Akanishtha]]
 +
 +[[Category: Places]]
 +[[category: Pure Realms]]
 +[[Category: Paths and Stages]]
akanishtha.txt · Last modified: 2014/09/17 04:42 (external edit)