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3_characteristics_of_existence [2015/12/12 23:57] (current)
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 +'''​The three characteristics of existence'''​ according to the [[Buddha]] are, suffering, impermanence and no-self, in Pali;  [[dukkha]], [[anicca]], and [[anatta]].
 +They are universal characteristics of existence, existing in all un-enlightened life.  The arahants, who go beyond to the other shore, reach [[nibbana]],​ which is the only permanent state where the three characteristics of existence do not apply.
 +According to tradition, after much [[meditation]],​ the [[Buddha]] concluded that everything in the physical world (and everything in the phenomenology of psychology) is marked by these three characteristics:​
 +* ''​[[Anicca]]''​ or impermanence. This refers not only to the fact that all conditioned things eventually cease to exist, but also that all conditioned things are in a constant state of flux. (Visualize a leaf growing on a tree.  It dies and falls off the tree but is soon replaced by a new leaf.)
 +* ''​[[Dukkha]]''​ or unsatisfactoriness,​ "​dis-ease"​ (also often translated "​suffering,"​ though this is somewhat misleading). Nothing found in the physical world or even the psychological realm can bring lasting deep satisfaction.
 +* ''​[[Anatta]]''​ or no-self is used in the [[sutta]]s both as a noun and as a predicative adjective to denote that phenomena are not, or are without, a permanent self,  to describe any and all composite, consubstantial,​ phenomenal and temporal things, from the macrocosmic to microcosmic,​ be it matter pertaining to the physical body or the cosmos at large, as well as any and all mental machinations,​ which are impermanent.
 +*''​[[Buddha'​s Lists|The Complete Book of Buddha'​s Lists -- Explained]]''​. ​ David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
 +[[Category:​Introduction to Buddhism]]
 +[[Category:​Buddha'​s Lists]]
3_characteristics_of_existence.txt ยท Last modified: 2015/12/12 23:57 (external edit)